Graduation into Sustainable Livelihoods: Recommended Resources

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Recommended Resources on Graduation into Sustainable Livelihoods: The latest publications and articles from those at the forefront of implementing the Graduation Program and other approaches to reach the extreme poor.

Tools for Implementation

1. Preserving the Essence, Adapting for Reach: Early Lessons from Large-Scale Implementations of the Graduation Approach
Nov 2016, Ford Foundation
Four case studies and synthesis analysis for scaling up the Graduation Approach

2. From Extreme Poverty to Sustainable Livelihoods: A Technical Guide to the Graduation Approach 
Sep 2014, CGAPFord Foundation
This technical guide details the implementation methodology step-by-step. A full glossary, with links to other tools and references, are included.

2. Reaching the Poorest: Lessons from the Graduation Model
Mar 2011, CGAP
This CGAP Focus Note highlights lessons from the CGAP-Ford Foundation Graduation Program with eight pilots in 10 countries (available in English, Spanish, Arabic and French).

Research on Impact

1. Eliminating Extreme Poverty: Comparing the Cost-Effectiveness of Livelihood, Cash Transfer, and Graduation Approaches
Dec 2016
Comparative analysis of three strands of anti-poverty social protection interventions

2. Graduation Pathways: Increasing Income and Resilience for the Extreme Poor
Dec 2016
Overview of the graduation approach, its impact, cost-effectiveness and potential for scaling up

3. Making Sustainable Reductions in Extreme Poverty: A Comparative Meta-Analysis of Livelihood, Cash Transfer and Graduation Approaches
Oct 2016
This publication features new research on the cost-effectiveness of the Graduation Approach, comparing it to traditional livelihood development programs and cash-transfers. The research suggests that the model holds strong promise for those seeking to reach the extreme poor sustainably.

4. Webinar presentation: Graduation Programs for Improved Nutrition: How to Maximize Impacts on Children?
Oct 2016, BRAC, Save the Children, CGAP
This webinar discussed the current state of evidence on the impact of graduation-type programing on child nutrition. Half of under-five deaths worldwide are due to malnutrition. Malnutrition, especially during the first 1,000 days of life, is a major driver of cognitive impairment and susceptibility to infectious diseases among children.
>> Listen to the webinar recording

5. Transforming the economic lives of the ultra-poor
Dec 2015, International Growth Centre
This brief describes key findings from a rigorous seven-year evaluation of BRAC’s Ultra-Poor Program in rural Bangladesh. Targeted households increased earnings by 37% and improved their consumption, savings, and asset accumulation. 
>> View video summarizing the results of the study.
>> Listen to public lecture presenting the results of the study.

6. Building Stable Livelihoods for the Ultra-Poor
Sep 2015, Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA)
This Policy Brief summarizes the impact findings from the randomized control trial impact assessments.

7. A multifaceted program causes lasting progress for the very poor: Evidence from six countries
May 2015, Science 
This article presents findings from randomized control trial impact assessments of the Graduation Approach in six countries.
>> View infographic developed by CGAP outlining the Graduation projects and their results in a highly readable format.

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