FinDev Guide

FinDev COVID-19 Update | 19 Nov - 02 Dec 2020

Roundup of the most relevant coronavirus-related resources for the microfinance and financial inclusion community
Young people gathering sea shells. Photo by Mohammad Adnan, 2014 CGAP Photo Contest

FinDev Gateway has created this COVID-19 Update with the latest and most relevant knowledge resources for financial inclusion. Sign up to receive this update to your inbox. 

If you have content to share in our COVID-19 update, please submit here or contact us directly. 

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Global Update

  • A new IMF paper finds that the spread of infectious disease lowers demand for physical cash.
  • FinEquity’s annual event highlighted, among others, the importance of data analytics to advance women’s resilience through financial inclusion.   
  • UN Women says governments need to ensure access to essential services, such as health, police, justice and social services for over 66 million women migrant workers who face additional risks due to the pandemic.
  • An analysis of data from World Bank’s high frequency monitoring phone surveys shows that in most countries, social assistance interventions in the early months of the pandemic were highly inadequate and not well-targeted to those who are affected by the crisis. On average, only 20 percent of households reported receiving assistance across countries included in the analysis. Looking more broadly at social assistance programs, a J-Pal blog author suggests that such programs are often under-subscribed for various reasons including lack of IDs, lack of information, behavioral bias, and cost.


 

Asia

  • Myanmar’s second wave of COVID-19 is causing a worrying increase in poverty, according to recent results from a high-frequency phone survey conducted by IFPRI. The organization’s research suggests that lockdowns must be accompanied by larger and better targeted cash transfers in order to mitigate the economic impacts of the pandemic.
  • Recent CGAP research shows how informal e-commerce can help women in Pakistan be more resilient to the economic effects of COVID-19.
  • In Nepal, the lack of local employment opportunities has led Nepali migrant workers who had returned from India due to the pandemic to go back to India again in recent months to seek work. Nepali migrants who were working in other countries are still returning, and ILO expects around 500,000 workers to come back to Nepal from other countries besides India.
  • Remittances to the Philippines in September were 9.3 percent higher than the previous year, despite the return of 300,000 migrant workers who lost their jobs abroad due to the pandemic. Similarly, in Nepal, remittances have increased by 12.5 percent, contrary to the projected decline due to COVID-19.

 


 

Africa

  • In Kenya, several large commercial banks have cut the amount of credit provided through mobile phones. Bank officials believe that the measures taken by the Central Bank of Kenya to support small businesses and households during the COVID-19 crisis, in particular the suspension of the publication of defaulting debtors, has led to an increase in delinquency rates. In the meantime, the number of registered mobile money accounts hit a record high in October
  • Togo’s cash transfer program Novissi, which targets informal workers affected by the pandemic, has been successful in deploying digital services and is being emulated in many African countries. However, limited internet access remains a big obstacle in Togo, where the penetration rate of mobile broadband is 20 percent, while 3G and 4G cover only 10 percent of the population.
  • According to an IFC study, 81 percent of MSMEs in Sierra Leone reported a decrease in profit since the onset of the pandemic, and 71 percent have ongoing cash flow issues. 
  • Three phone surveys conducted in Mauritius from May through July revealed that about one in three households kept losing income after the lockdown measures were lifted. To cope with the shocks, households were reducing food consumption (39.7 percent in July) and relying on savings (13.1 percent in July).

For more on Africa, check out the latest Portail FinDev Biweekly Update in French.


 

Latin America and the Caribbean

Most articles and knowledge resources referenced in this section are in Spanish.

  • MiLAB, a public sector innovation lab in Colombia, and the government program Banca de las Oportunidades launched a call for proposals for tech solutions targeting financially excluded low-income Colombians and MSMEs which have been most affected by the pandemic. The 10 best proposals will receive technical support and four of them will obtain financing for implementation.
  • Brazil’s instant payment system, PIX, has been finally launched and now allows consumers, the private sector and government entities to send and receive money without using debit or credit cards. Banco do Brazil is the first bank that allows the use of PIX payments through WhatsApp. Facebook’s WhatsApp digital payment services were launched in Brazil last June but suspended by the Central Bank shortly after.
  • Cooperatives in Ecuador were more resilient than banks during the COVID-19 pandemic. As of September 2020, cooperatives’ profits experienced an annual decline of 37.3 percent whereas bank profits declined by 62.6 percent. Close relationships with clients in rural areas may have made cooperatives more resilient.
  • In Argentina, traditional banks are responding quickly to fintech competition and the digital wave propelled by COVID-19. The digital bank platform MODO, created by a consortium of more than 30 banks, will be launched this Thursday. The platform will enable users to manage all of their financial accounts in one place, and perform transactions such as checking cash balances, sending money to WhatsApp contacts, and making QR payments.

For more on LAC, check out the latest Portal FinDev Biweekly Update in Spanish.


 

Arab World

Some articles and knowledge resources referenced in this section are in French.

  • Bank Al-Maghrib, the central bank of Morocco, established a guarantee fund that will benefit microcredit associations by covering the restructured and additional credit granted in response to COVID-19.  
  • A new $30 million investment by the SANAD Fund aims to boost Banque du Caire’s growth plans and provide liquidity to Egyptian MSMEs, agricultural producers and MFIs that have suffered from the pandemic.
  • According to a recent report by the International Rescue Committee, refugees in Jordan and other host countries have been forced to cut back on meals because of sudden loss of  income due to the pandemic. Refugees struggle to navigate the complex and restrictive regulatory environment in trying to access financial services; they are 50 percent less likely to have an internet-enabled phone than the general population.
  • Following strong growth in the e-payment sector driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, Egyptian mobile operator Etisalat Misr wants to attract 20 million customers to its "Etisalat Cash" money transfer and exchange services. The operator plans to invest around $320 million in the Egyptian market in 2021 to support the state’s plans to achieve financial inclusion.
  • The Central Bank of the UAE launched a FinTech Office that will work on developing a mature financial technology ecosystem within the country. The new office aims to position the nation as a leading fintech hub by supporting digital payments and financial inclusion. The number of fintech startups in the MENA region has grown significantly in 2020 and are expected to double the amount of capital raised by the end of the year to $200 million.

For more on the Arab world and resources in Arabic, check out the latest FinDev Update in Arabic.

COVID-19 Resources

“Covid-19” image by Prachatai. Used with permission.

COVID-19 Resource Hub

A collective space for the financial inclusion community to share experiences and lessons learned from the pandemic

FinDev Guide to Data - Tracking the Global Response to COVID-19

FinDev Coronavirus Data Tracker

Data relevant for financial inclusion - find out who is tracking what

Photo by Thao Vu Xuan, 2016 CGAP Photo Contest

COVID-19 Insights for Inclusive Finance

Collection of recent CGAP blogs and publications

 


Blogs & Opinion

If you have a blog idea and would like to write for the FinDev Blog, please review our guidelines. We do not cross-post blogs that have been published elsewhere, but if you wish to share an existing blog post in our next FinDev COVID-19 Update, you can send it to us using our contact form

Digital Finance


COVID-19 Is Accelerating Digital Banking Across the Globe: Here’s How It Will Impact Bangladesh


COVID-19 Testing Resilience of Informal E-Commerce in Pakistan


Digital Transformation at the Service of Clients: Our Keys to Success


Overcoming Under-Subscription of Welfare Programs: Digital Solutions to Low Take-up


2020 SEEP Conference: What I Learnt About Digital Savings Groups


Fintech


Salary Advances Are Helping Gig Workers In India Make Essential Purchases During COVID-19


How Can Fintech Innovation Drive Inclusive Growth?
Forces and Uncertainties Shaping Future Fintech Ecosystems
Fintech Forests: Classifying and Comparing Fintech Ecosystems
How Domestic Fintech Ecosystems Shape The Nature of Innovation


Gender and Women’s Financial Inclusion
 

Crisis as an Inflection Point for Women’s Financial Inclusion


Opportunity in Every Crisis


Remittances


What Impact Does Social Distancing Have on Global Remittances?


How Is the Pandemic Affecting Remittances to Fragile and Conflict Affected Settings?


Rural and Agricultural Finance
 

Challenges Of Financial Inclusion For Small Producers And Low-income Rural Families – Covid 19


Socioeconomic Impact


Impact of COVID-19 on Households: What Do Phone Surveys Tell Us?

 


Recent Publications

Do you have a publication to add to this list? Share your work on FinDev Gateway. 


COVID-19 and Refugees' Economic Opportunities, Financial Services and Digital Inclusion


Weathering the Storm II: A Case Study of Spandana


Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on MSMEs


Navigating Through COVID-19: A Snapshot on How the Pandemic Affected MSMEs in Guinea


Navigating Through COVID-19: A Snapshot on How the Pandemic Affected MSMEs in Sierra Leone


Addressing the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Women Migrant Workers

 

View All Publications Related to COVID-19 >


Webinar Recordings


Microfinance and the Poor in Times of Crisis


What Is the Future of Microfinance?

 

View All Upcoming Events Related to COVID-19 >

View All Webinar Recordings >


News 


AFD Loans $356M to IFAD to Assist Rural Farmers


Kenya’s Mobile Money Use Hits Record High in October Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

 

View All News Related to COVID-19 >

 

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