Gender Inequalities in the Risks of Poverty and Social Exclusion for Disadvantaged Groups in Thirty European Countries

Evaluating the gender dimension to the social inclusion process
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This report, drawing on national reports for 30 European countries, aims to inform and help develop gender mainstreaming of the social inclusion process. Gender mainstreaming is a key requirement of the social inclusion process. Yet, it remains underdeveloped and often, absent from national action plans. The report reviews gender differences and inequalities in poverty and social exclusion risks. It also focuses on examples of disadvantaged groups to illustrate the relevance on gender mainstreaming for social inclusion policy. The report demonstrates the need for a gender analysis to understand the extent and form of social exclusion, and concludes with three general points:

  • Social inclusion process needs to develop systematic monitoring of gender disparities within disadvantaged groups to support gender impact analysis and gender mainstreaming in national action plans;
  • Gender mainstreaming emphasizes the relevance of a lifecourse perspective for social integration policy;
  • Some problems that women face cannot be fully appreciated and addressed without a transnational focus.

About this Publication

By Fagan, C., Urwin, P. & Melling, K.