The Promises of Digital Bank Accounts for Low-Income Individuals

The push for adopting digital modes of payment rests on three promises: increased efficiency of transactions, increased financial inclusion, and improvements in the financial well-being of low-income individuals. This study experimentally tests the extent to which these promises are fulfilled.

The authors exploit the random assignment into an intervention to encourage direct deposits of recurrent government benefits into digital bank accounts in Colombia. Switching from cash to direct deposits reduces disbursement errors and increases access to benefits among eligible beneficiaries. It also increases the ownership of bank accounts, the demand for formal loans, and loan take-up among individuals without a financial history. However, how does it affect the financial well-being of low-income individuals?

About this Publication

By Karla Hernández Romero, Diego Vera-Cossio, Bridget Hoffmann & Camilo Pecha