Migrant Transfers as a Development Tool - The Case of Morocco

Why are remittances important to Morocco?
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This paper examines the impact of remittances on Moroccan development, as well as of other migration-driven social changes. The paper highlights that:

  • The Kingdom's budgetary plan (1968-72) proposed emigration as a means of solving the under- and unemployment problem;
  • Morocco is the fourth largest remittance recipient among the developing countries.

The paper discusses remittance trends in morocco which highlight:

  • Remittances have played an important part in supporting local economies and infrastructure development in certain areas;
  • In recent years, Moroccan investments have included the exploitation of agricultural land using modern technologies and methods.

The paper also discusses the development impact of remittances:

  • Women have begun to assume greater responsibilities owing to the absence of male family members;
  • For young men, migration has become the door to independence and maturity that otherwise would be blocked by local poverty;
  • Rural migrants end up in urban areas of Morocco via international migration, thus increasing the population of the larger cities.

The paper concludes by discussing policy options which suggest:

  • Involving local civil society in source and destination countries in the planning, implementation and sustaining local development projects;
  • Strengthening and enabling local governments to create, develop and undertake local development projects;
  • Encouraging creation of co-development schemes that enable partnerships between European, Moroccan and migrant entrepreneurs;
  • Facilitating consultations between Moroccan civil society and diaspora groups for dialogue on development.

About this Publication

By Sorensen, N.